ECDPM. 2010. African Regional and SubRegional Economic Integration Groupings and the Regional Economic Partnerships Agreement (EPA) Negotiations Configurations. Maastricht: European Centre for Development Policy Management.
Overlapping memberships: African regional and sub-regional groupings.
The diagram shows the spaghetti bowl of African regional integration agreements. It illustrates the complexity of overlapping country memberships in multiple regional groupings. This is a major challenge in the implementation of commitments towards effective regional integration.
Countries that have initialed or signed an Economic Partnership Agreement with Europe are in bold.
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