Regional Groupings and EPA Negotiation Configurations: African Regional and SubRegional Economic Integration Groupings and the Regional Economic Partnerships Agreement (EPA) Negotiations Configurations

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    Overlapping memberships: African regional and sub-regional groupings.

    The diagram shows the spaghetti bowl of African regional integration agreements. It illustrates the complexity of overlapping country memberships in multiple regional groupings. This is a major challenge in the implementation of commitments towards effective regional integration.

    Countries that have initialed or signed an Economic Partnership Agreement with Europe are in bold.

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