Woolfrey, S., Bilal, S. 2017. The impact of Economic Partnership Agreements on the development of African value chains: Case studies of the Kenyan dairy value chain and Namibian fisheries and horticulture value chains. (Discussion Paper 213). Maastricht: ECDPM.
The Economic Partnership Agreements (EPAs) concluded by the European Union (EU) with regional blocs of African countries (and certain individual African countries) are supposed to do more than just boost trade between the EU and African countries. They are meant to promote sustainable development and poverty reduction, including through supporting regional integration processes in Africa, promoting the gradual integration of African economies into global markets and enhancing African countries’ ability to leverage trade opportunities for economic growth. Given the internationalisation of production processes, with 70% of global trade involving intermediate goods or services, increased participation in regional and global value chains has become a crucial part of African countries’ economic transformation and sustainable development strategies. It is therefore relevant to consider how EPAs might affect the ability of African producers and services providers to integrate into such value chains.
Photo: Horticulture in Lower Nyando, Kenya. Credits: CGIAR via Flickr.