Lesotho Highlands: Water Woes of Win-Wins? PERISA Case Study 4 on Infrastructure
The Lesotho Highlands Water Project (LHWP) has been acknowledged as a feat of engineering excellence; the real achievement being to use gravity tunnels and dams to divert the river from its natural flow (towards Aliwal North in the Eastern Cape) 570 km to the Gauteng province. In addition, hydroelectricity is to be generated for Lesotho end-users. The bi-national project between Lesotho and South Africa was contracted in 1986, before South Africa’s transition to democracy. With this potentially ominous beginning to the LHWP, it has not been without incident.