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ECDPM aims to support peacebuilding processes, working with African institutions and initiatives at both the continental and regional levels so they can better deal with conflict, security and support greater resilience.

The creation of the African Peace and Security Architecture (APSA) – involving both the African Union Commission (AUC) and the African Regional Communities (RECs) – affirms the African Union’s (AU) commitment to addressing the continent’s evolving security challenges. The APSA, while heralded as one of the AU’s most successful frameworks, still faces considerable challenges of ownership, effective delivery and sustainability, particularly in view of the substantial support it receives from international partners, including the EU. Though questions remain on how to make international support to post-conflict reconstruction and development more effective.

Peace and security has repeatedly been singled out as the most pressing challenge to improved governance and sustainable development in Africa.

Transition from conflict and fragility to societal resilience and countrywide development is only possible with African-led solutions. Stronger linkages with issues of governance through the African Union’s African Governance Architecture (AGA) would be beneficial. Of additional concern is the limited integration of pan-African and regional mechanisms on post-conflict recovery and the New Deal, to which more than 10 African countries have subscribed.

To promote sustainable peace and development, our work includes:

  • Connecting the various African, European and international actors involved in conflict prevention, security, peacebuilding and resilience with a view to promote more integrated policy frameworks
  • Supporting African institutional actors dealing with peace and development based on African-led solutions and initiatives
  • Monitoring the effects of AU efforts to promote conflict prevention, crisis-recovery and peacebuilding and the support provided by EU actors
  • Analysing and documenting innovative practices and synthesising the lessons they provide and help to better understand the dynamics of regional integration on peace and security


For our work on conflict and crisis in Africa we closely cooperate with the Institute for Peace and Security Studies in Addis Ababa.



Evaluation of the implementation of the African Peace Facility 2014-2016
The EU-funded African Peace Facility (APF) supports Peace and Security Operations led by the African Union. It covers AMISOM, AFISMA, ECOMIB, MNJTF and MISCA, as well as capacity-building support to the AUC and ECOWAS. ECDPM’s Security and Resilience programme, together with Particip Gmbh and Cardno, upon request of the European Commission, has carried out an evaluation of the implementation of the APF throughout the period 2014-2016, taking into account experiences from PSO support prior to 2014.

The African Peace and Security Architecture (APSA)
This background note sheds light on the African Peace and Security Architecture (APSA) and makes reference to the work of the SECURE programme on peacebuilding, conflict prevention and conflict monitoring in relation to the APSA. It also informs how we connect with other ECDPM work regarding conflict prevention, governance and political economy analysis of regional integration in Africa.

AU and RECs Effectiveness on Peace, Security and Resilience
There are numerous regional organisations and policies in place to support regional integration in Africa. In some sectors and regions real progress has been made in the past years. By and large, however, the reality on the ground does not match political ambitions. But what blocks or drives regional integration in Africa? A multi-disciplinary team at ECDPM looked at six of Africa’s largest regional organisations: the African Union (AU), COMESA, EAC, ECOWAS, IGAD and SADC. The Conflict, Security and Resilience programme focused on issues of peace and security.

Promoting Comprehensive Approaches in the Sahel
Instability and then humanitarian crises in the Sahel have become a regional, continental and international issue; a shared challenge for Africans from all over North-West Africa. The Sahel matters for Africa-Europe relations and the EU has played a role in the regions politics and security in recent years, more so since the beginning of the ‘Arab Spring’ in 2011 and the NATO intervention in Libya. What policy and operational developments in the Sahel are geared towards transition from conflict to stability, resilience and development? And how can the EU respond comprehensively to this crisis?