Humphrey, E. 2011. Implementing the Economic Partnership Agreement: Challenges and Bottlenecks in the CARIFORUM region. (ECDPM Discussion Paper 117). Maastricht: ECDPM.
In 2008, the Caribbean Forum (CARIFORUM) countries and the European Union (EU) signed an Economic
Partnership Agreement (EPA), which enabled them to satisfy their obligations to conclude a WTO compatible trade arrangement.
The comprehensive reciprocal trading arrangement replaces the one-way preferential access, which the EU had extended to certain developing countries from Africa, the Caribbean and the Pacific in 1975.
Purpose of ECDPM study
The Implementation of the EPA has been endorsed by CARIFORUM and the EU. However, formal implementation structures are in place only in Antigua and Barbuda, Barbados, Dominican Republic, Grenada and Jamaica.
With the exception of the Dominican Republic case, the EPA implementation and coordination units are constrained by insufficient financial and personnel resources.
CARICOM has sought to address the capacity constraints, particularly among the region’s smaller
economies, by establishing a regional EPA Implementation Unit to provide direct support and to coordinate
technical assistance to Member States.
Key Findings of ECDPM Study
Read Discussion Paper 117