The UN Peacebuilding Architecture (PBA) was agreed in 2005 so that international actors would cooperate to develop more coherent and better-funded responses to countries emerging from violent conflict (including peacekeeping, development, humanitarian and human rights aspects) in order to prevent relapse into conflict again. It is comprised of the Peacebuilding Commission (PBC), the Peacebuilding Fund (PBF) and the Peacebuilding Support Office (PBSO). EU Member States (EUMS) have taken leading roles in the UN PBA, and Sweden is currently chairing the PBC.
According to the agreed Terms of Reference, the review should propose ways to strengthen the performance and impact of the PBA by providing recommendations on the functioning, resources, modes of engagement and links with the UN system entities with which it engages. The Advisory Group of Experts, nominated by the UN Secretary-General to conduct the review, has promised to be independent and bold. Its report is expected by June 2015, with intergovernmental negotiations taking place in the autumn. EUMS could play an important role in building consensus during this period. Options for reform include providing the political and financial support needed for the PBA to fulfil its original mandate; narrowing its mandate or to more accurately reflect its activity and impact. The review of the PBA should be conducted in coordination with other ongoing reviews of UN peace operations and the implementation of the UN Security Council Resolution 1325 on Women, Peace and Security as well as with the New Deal for Engagement in Fragile States (g7+ countries) and the post- 2015 development agenda (Sustainable Development Goals). Objectives The overall objective of this meeting is to discuss the current review of the PBA, including how it relates to EU approaches to peacebuilding in the post-conflict period.
The specific objectives are:
· To discuss the relevance of the PBA to the needs of countries emerging from violent conflict;
· To consider EU and UN approaches to peacebuilding, and opportunities for partnership;
· To identify options for the future development of the PBA, and the potential points of influence for the EU, EUMS and civil society organisations (CSOs).