Global Value Chain (GVC) analysis recognises that international production, trade and investments are increasingly organised within chains where the different stages of the production process are located across several countries. Outsourcing to the most efficient producers has become the norm and highly technical and complex products typically source inputs from across the globe. Lead firms have become very discerning about sourcing the best inputs at the best prices from across the world. Companies and states within a particular chain work hard to maintain their location and relationships within such GVCs. Slotting into such chains is not always easy but is promoted as a critical component of industrialisation as well as regional integration.