Linking policy and practice in international cooperation

Continental CAADP: implementing the Malabo Declaration, with a focus on bridging trade and agriculture

African governments have made food security a priority through CAADP, the Comprehensive Africa Agriculture Development Programme, recognising the role of smallholder agriculture to reduce poverty and hunger.

CAADP is a framework to improve agricultural productivity and food security adopted in 2003. It is centred around the formulation and implementation of national and regional partnership compacts and investment plans. In the context of CAADP, African Heads of State and Government have committed to allocate at least 10% of the national budget to the agricultural sector, with the aim of achieving at least 6% agricultural growth annually.

In June 2014, African heads of state and government renewed their commitment to achieving food and nutrition security on the continent. In the ‘Malabo Declaration,’ they adopted an ambitious set of new targets to be reached by 2025.

The Food Security Programme contributes to the continental-level CAADP work on regional trade and infrastructure, under the leadership of the African Union Commission and the NEPAD (New Partnership for Africa’s Development) Agency, by sharing knowledge about regional integration, aid for trade and various governance dimensions of food security.

This includes facilitation of cross Regional Economic Community (REC) learning and providing input into discussions with development partners. In particular, in the context of the CAADP Development Partners Task Team (DPTT) and the Global Donor Platform for Rural Development (GDPRD).

Regional CAADP: assisting the Regional Economic Communities

The Food Security Programme supports the Regional Economic Communities (RECs) and other key regional stakeholders in implementing the Malabo Declaration through effective and inclusive regional CAADP (Comprehensive Africa Agriculture Development Programme) processes, making sure that trade and agriculture policies can help develop regional value chains.

The main regions of work are West, East and Southern Africa. In West Africa, with our partners and other stakeholders, we conduct analysis and facilitate dialogue to stimulate coherence between different policy areas and interventions (for example, agriculture, trade, infrastructure and industrialisation). We do so while taking into account the political economy dimensions and issues like donor coordination.

Part of our work includes a political economy analysis of West African corridors, with a focus on how they relate to intra-regional trade and value chain development of certain food products. In East and Southern Africa, ECDPM works closely with the COMESA Secretariat and other stakeholders to develop and implement various components of the regional agricultural investment plan.

In all these regions we support the engagement of farmers in regional agricultural policy-making processes by means of targeted studies and work in collaboration with regional farmers’ organisations.

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