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A rapier not a blunderbuss: Why the EU must do better in supporting African job creation

16-02-2018

Tilman Altenburg, San Bilal, Giulia Maci and Dirk Willem te Velde, European Think Tanks Group paper, February 2018

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Sub-Saharan Africa will need to create 18 million jobs each year until 2035, to accommodate young labour market entrants. The AU-EU Summit of November 2017 identified it as a top priority for Africa and for development cooperation.

The European Union has the desire and the instruments needed to support the efforts of African countries themselves to lead the path towards job creation. But the EU needs a smarter and better-targeted approach to make this possible. The priority is to support long-term structural transformation, helping the creation of new jobs in sectors with higher productivity, with special attention to youth and women, and making low-carbon development central.

The quality of education and the development of business-oriented skills are also needed and should be better linked to the promotion of investment opportunities. The informal sector also needs support and special programmes – including more social protection – are needed for the most vulnerable. However, strategies should be adapted to the reality of each country.

For more information, please visit the European Think Tanks Group’s website.

Download (PDF, 406KB)


Photo courtesy of Ninara via Flickr.

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Africa