Making policies work

Publications

Presentations

European Report on Development 2013

24-04-2013

Vanheukelom, J. and A. Knoll. 2013. European Report on Development 2013. (ECDPM Presentation). Maastricht: ECDPM.

Share Button

Presentation by Jan Vanheukelom and Anna Knoll on the findings of the European Report on Development 2013
Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Helsinki, 24 April 2013

Presentation transcript

1. European Report on Development 2013
Helsinki, 24 April 2013

2. CONTENT
1. Context to the ERD and the subject
2. Approach and key features of the ERD
3. Key findings
4. Key messages: conclusions and recommendations

3. 1. WHY THE POST-2015 DEVELOPMENT AGENDA? CONTEXT FOR THIS ERD
• MDGs are up for renewal/revision by 2015
• MDGs most successful attempt at global collective action to reduce global poverty
• Yet flaws and shortcomings

4.
• And the world has moved on:
– New players and new challenges
– Including financial and economic crises, terrorism, climate change
– New incentives for global collective action
– New insights (on poverty, politics in development, etc.)
– Example: Durban BRICS Summit
• Unique moment to:
– Reshape global development agenda
– Reflect on roles, positions and actions of EU, EU member states, etc.

5. 2. SET-UP AND APPROACH OF THIS ERD
• Research and “production” set-up:
– On “newness” and usefulness
– Steering Committee
– Three development institutes
• Innovations:
– Country case studies (mix of poorer and richer countries)
– Stronger emphasis on political dimensions of development

6.
• In response to new context:
– Move beyond aid
– Move beyond MDGs

7. Contents of the ERD 2013
– INTRODUCTION
– PART I. KEEPING THE PROMISE OF THE MILLENNIUM DECLARATION
Chapter 1. Lessons from the MDG experience
Chapter 2. What the MDGs have meant for poor countries – four case studies
Chapter 3. The European Union and the MDGs
– PART II. THE CHANGED CONTEXT FOR A NEW GLOBAL DEVELOPMENT FRAMEWORK
Chapter 4. The changing global community
Chapter 5. Changes in the understanding of global poverty
Chapter 6. Future challenges – some trends and projections
– PART III. AN INTERNATIONAL FRAMEWORK FOR DEVELOPMENT
Chapter 7. Money: Development finance
Chapter 8. Goods: Trade and investment
Chapter 9. People: Labour migration
– CONCLUSIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS
Chapter 10. Constructing the Post-2015 agenda

8. Beyond MDGs & Beyond Aid 

9. 3. KEY FINDINGS OF THE ERD 2013
Flows of
• People: Labour Migration
• Money: Development Finance
• Goods: Trade and Investment

10. Development Finance
Need more finance and greater range of sources
• ODA levels must be maintained and increased
– Use in focused and catalytic manner
• Diversify use of new development financing mechanisms and use in targeted manner
• South-South Cooperation
– Strengthen contribution and increase transparency
• Domestic resource mobilisation fundamental
– Efforts should be supported
• Improve international financial stability

11. Country case study experiences
• Nepal: Remittances key to MDG progress, use of ODA constrained by donor doubts on government capabilities and political flux
• Rwanda: ODA as budget support
• Côte d’Ivoire: Good fiscal discipline so domestic resource mobilisation high, external support valuable to restore confidence
• Peru: Fiscal revenue key, ODA minor yet keen on knowledge sharing
• SSC: Gave variety and additional opportunities in all cases

12. Trade and Investment
• Focus on marginalized and vulnerable LICs/LDCs
– Ways to help them reduce ODA-dependence
• Pursue structural economic transformation
– Creation of productive employment key
• Support to move up global value chains
– Promoting modern-sector exports
– Reducing vulnerabilities to external shocks
– Enhancing productive investments
– Improving global coordination on investment policies

13. Country case study experiences
• All four countries need to increase economic diversification and strengthen investment
• Nepal: investment levels low and economy has not joined global value chains
• Côte d’Ivoire: commodity dependency made economy vulnerable to price fluctuations
• Rwanda: seeking to attract FDI
• Peru: boom based on mineral extraction

14. Labour Migration
• Transformative experience for individuals
• Focus on low-skilled labour – link with poverty
• Impact on poverty & socio-economic development
• Low-skilled labour migrants need support
– Often lack access to jobs and rights not protected
• Receiving countries development also benefit
• Post-2015: establish international regimes
– Enforce migrants’ rights and better labour migrationg overnance

15. Country case study experiences
• Nepal: 20% of decline in poverty (1995-2004) attributed to remittances
– But: social problems and rights of migrants not well protected
• Côte d’Ivoire: migrants from region contributed to economic growth in 1960s+70s
– But during crisis: increased pressure on land and ethnic divisions stirred up by populist politics
• Peru: migrants are returning + followed by young Europeans

16. 4. KEY MESSAGES AND RECOMMENDATIONS (1) A NEW GLOBAL DEVELOPMENT FRAMEWORK IS NEEDED
• Build on the Millennium Declaration
• Learn from the MDGs (monitoring architecture and framing potential)
• Move beyond the MDGs and embrace climate change, multi-faceted poverty, etc.
• Anchor it in country specific realities: adapt goals and instruments/tools
• Don’t underestimate the dimension of fragility

17. 4. KEY MESSAGES AND RECOMMENDATIONS (2)A BROADER SET OF GOALS: INCLUSIVENESS AND SUSTAINABILITY
– Poverty reduction remains central
– But providing social provisions does not alter the underlying causes of poverty
– Environmental sustainability won’t come automatically
– These dimensions ought to be reflected in targets and indicators

18. 4. KEY MESSAGES AND RECOMMENDATIONS (5) SUPPORT COUNTRY POLICY CHOICES AND DEVELOPMENT PATHS
– Invest in solid diagnoses and analysis of domestic realities
– We know more about two Ps in poverty: power and politics
– Reality check: four country cases – domestic political economy
– What are the incentives – external and internal – that influence political choice and behaviour?
– How states earn income is a key factor determining policy choices – and roles of political elites

19.
– Such country specific knowledge may help
*Solve a riddle: why this gap between theory and practice?
*Help adjust engagement strategies – margins of maneuver
– “avoid the blind spots of the past” (Rodrik and Rosenzweig)
– Political economy of donors, as trading and economic partners
*Solve another riddle: why the gap between theory and practice (bis)
*Transparency and global financial governance

20. 4. KEY MESSAGES AND RECOMMENDATIONS (6 & 7) A BROADER SET OF INSTRUMENTS
• MDGs narrowly associated with ODA
• First: a host of new sources of (public and private sector) development finance
• Secondly, there is a range of policies, standards and regulations beyond aid:
• On trade, investments, financial flows, transparency, migration etc.
• Example: illicit financial flows – averse political incentives and impact on domestic tax policies
• Policy Coherence for Development
• Support for domestic resource mobilization (taxation)

21. 4. KEY MESSAGES AND RECOMMENDATIONS (9) INTERNATIONAL COLLECTIVE ACTION TO IMPROVE INTERNATIONAL REGIMES IN
– Trade
– Financial regulation
– Migration
– Climate change

22. THANK YOU FOR YOUR ATTENTION

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Comments

European external affairsPresentationsEuropean Union (EU)Millennium Development Goals (MDGs)Official Development Assistance (ODA)Post 2015Côte d’IvoireEuropeNepalPeruRwanda