Preparing the December European Council on Security and Defence: Report by the EU High Representative. Weekly Compass, No 164, 18 October 2013
The report calls to extend the use of conflict analysis across the EU system. The HR calls for the Comprehensive Approach – the use of the various instruments at the disposal of the EU in a strategically coherent and effective manner – to apply to capability development and to further develop the comprehensive approach to conflict prevention, crisis management and stabilisation. The report also calls for a Joint Communication on the EU Comprehensive Approach – a policy document to lock in progress achieved and provide the basis for further concrete work. Lessons learned with regard to joint programming and New Deal (fragile states) country compacts should also be built upon. The report also calls for further impetus to be given to the peace and security partnership between the EU and the African Union at the EU-Africa summit in April 2014.
Blending EU grants with loans: a good mix for development? Weekly Compass, No 163, 11 October 2013
The EU is planning to combine more EU grant aid with loans and other non-grant resources, i.e. blending. ECDPM takes a closer look at the opportunities and challenges of this development financing method, as well as the EU’s experience and future plans with blending. For the 2014-2020 budgetary period, the intention is to use EU aid to incentivise private sector loans. While blending can offer many advantages, including leveraging over 20 times the grant aid in loans, the EU still needs to refine the targeting, flexibility and governance of its existing blending methods. In clarifying the rationale for blending, its opportunity cost should be carefully assessed, and EU tools should ensure that additional funding leveraged should have a beneficial development impact.
Africa Rising? Little change in grassroots poverty despite a decade of growth. Weekly Compass, No 162 , 4 October 2013
Economic growth in Africa appears to benefit only a few according to new findings from the Afrobarometer, based on surveys conducted with ordinary citizens in an unprecedented 34 African countries between October 2011 and June 2013. The survey reveals that Africans overwhelmingly reject their governments’ management of their economies, giving failing marks for job creation, improving the living standards of the poor, and narrowing the gaps between the rich and poor. Popular opinion is thus increasingly out of sync with the “Africa Rising” narrative that has been gaining traction among government officials and international investors. The evidence also suggests, however, that investments in infrastructure and social services are strongly linked with lower levels of lived poverty.
How do European donors engage with emerging development partners? Weekly Compass, No 161, 27 September 2013
This Discussion Paper from ECDPM provides a concise overview of how some traditional donors interact with “emerging donors” on development issues. Amongst the donors surveyed, France, Germany, the United Kingdom, and to some extent Portugal and Denmark appear to be most active. The importance of emerging economies in defining future frameworks on Global Public Goods is a key driving force behind the efforts to engage with new development partners. What differs is the way in which these strategic goals are pursued. The way dialogue and cooperation is institutionalised also differs widely. The shape of this institutionalisation is highly dependent on the architecture of development policy-making in the traditional donor country.
This article was published in GREAT Insights Volume 2, Issue 7 (October 2013).