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GREAT insights Magazine

Focus on Migration: Moving backward, moving forward?

Volume 7, Issue 1 (Winter 2018)

05-02-2018

ECDPM. Thematic focus: Focus on Migration: Moving backward, moving forward? Great Insights Magazine - Volume 7, Issue 1. Winter 2018.

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Focus on Migration: Moving backward, moving forward? – Editorial
Anna Knoll, Head of Migration Programme and Noemi Cascone, Junior Policy Officer, ECDPM
The migration situation has monopolized the agenda of European leaders during past years. The EU’s external policies have been focusing on addressing the ‘root causes’ of migration, and utilising the EU toolbox to establish partnerships on border governance, management of migration, security, and development.


Policy frameworks and processes


Migration and development: A virtuous circle
Louise Arbour, UN Special Representative for International Migration
Migration is an overwhelmingly positive story, with significant social, economic, and cultural benefits for all involved. The global compact for safe, orderly, and regular migration is a unique opportunity to remove barriers that are hindering the development contribution of migration.

The AU-EU Summit, migration, mobility and youth
Birgitte Markussen, Director and Deputy Managing Director for Africa, European External Action Service, Brussels
The way migration and mobility will be managed politically and accommodated economically will be a defining factor for the future of Africa and of Europe. This article looks at the AU-EU Summit held in November 2017.

Forced displacement and mixed migration challenges in the IGAD region
Caroline Njuki, Senior Programme Coordinator and Woldamlak Abera, Forced Displacement Officer, IGAD
This article looks at the dynamics and trends of forced displacement and mixed
migration from a practitioners’ point of view at the IGAD level. It highlights key focus areas and issues in the region.

Regional governance regimes to foster labour mobility and development

Christopher Changwe Nshimbi, Deputy Director DST/NRF, University of Pretoria
Most international migration in Africa is intracontinental, essentially occurring between proximate states in the same regional bloc. It is mixed, but semi-skilled and unskilled labour migration, and mobility involving informal cross-border traders and service providers merit special attention.

Migration is not an emergency
Elly Schlein, MEP and the European Parliament’s Committee on Development (DEVE)

Migration is becoming central in EU development policy. A host of measures have been announced and instruments set up to use development funds to address migration’s ‘root causes’. These bring the risk of an EU development cooperation increasingly driven by short-term and EU-centric political needs. What we need, instead, is an EU migration policy aligned with the historic commitments of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development.


Realities on the ground


Gendered effects of corruption on the Central Mediterranean route
Vittorio Bruni, consultant, and Ortrun Merkle, PhD fellow, UNU-MERIT and the Maastricht Graduate School of Governance
Corruption plays a prominent role in shaping migration decisions and experiences along the Central Mediterranean route. It is also a highly gendered phenomenon, as men are more likely to pay with money and women with their bodies.

Migration policies and development: The dilemma of Agadez
Fransje Molenaar, Research fellow at the Conflict Research Unit (CRU), Clingendael Institute
Migration policies can only contribute to the stability and development of transit regions if they are founded on an understanding of the links between migration, economic development, governance and security.

Storm in the Central Mediterranean: European priorities, Libyan realities
Daniel Howden, Senior Editor at Refugees Deeply

Libya finds itself at the nexus of strident efforts by the EU to put a short-term brakeon inward migration. A veil of humanitarian language conceals deals that sacrifice basic human rights and regional stability. The consequences include trapped refugees and migrants and a weakened system of international law.

Helping refugees become self-reliant: the Ugandan model
Muhumed Hussein, Uganda Country Director and Leeam Azoulay, East-Africa Policy Adviser for the Norwegian Refugee Council
Uganda’s refugee policies should serve as a model, but challenges remain in helping refugees become self-reliant. The case of Uganda invites us to recognise that solutions to displacement are all about policies – those of host countries and those of the international community regarding responsibility sharing.


Existing initiatives and ideas


Building resilience, creating new opportunities in the EU neighbourhood
Dario Scannapieco, Vice-President at the European Investment Bank
As part of the EU response to migration, the European Investment Bank (EIB) is stepping up its investment support, including a new Economic Resilience Initiative (ERI) to enhance growth prospects and create opportunities in neighbouring countries.

The EU’s migration agenda – what about legal migration pathways?
Anna Knoll, Head of Migration Programme and Noemi Cascone, Junior Policy Officer, ECDPM
Legal migration is often noted as one of the ways to counter smuggling and irregular migration. With the European Commission’s recent political roadmap for a sustainable migration policy pathways for legal economic migration seem to emerge from oblivion. The article highlights a number of issues with regards to the EU’s legal migration agenda.

Shift the paradigm, from charity to crypto space
Kilian Kleinschmidt, founder and CEO of IPA, switxboard GmbH
The aid system is not only broke, it’s breaking apart. It is now little more than a humanitarian relief industry. The aid system has failed in its stated goals to save lives and provide basic assistance with dignity to those in crisis at the scale needed.

Leveraging migration for progress towards the 2030 Agenda
David Suttie, Policy Advisor, IFAD and Rosemary Vargas-Lundius, former Policy Advisor, IFAD
Migration and mobility provide a real opportunity to unlock progress towards the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). For this, policies and investments need to be adapted to the realities of populations that are on the move.


Our dossier on migration


In this dossier, we look at how policymakers and other relevant actors are addressing migration and mobility issues. We try to contribute to a more nuanced understanding of the complex phenomenon, acknowledging that Africa and Europe have different narratives, approaches and perceptions of migration – and the important links it shares with development processes.

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